Here you can read reports that have been produced during the LASH FIRE project.

June 2021

Deliverable D08.1


Definition and parametrization of critical fire hazards, classification of cargoes, transport units, engines, fuels and vessels and identification methodologies

Based on historical data and previous projects; FIRESAFE 1& 2 (EMSA, 2021), Lighthouse In-door positioning on RoRo vessels (2017), these studies includes conclusions taken from the fire cause perspective and highlights the differences in fire sources, from the ship’s equipment and the cargo. The statistics regarding the probability related to fires originating in ro-ro spaces was performed and subsequently used as input for a Hazard Identification (HAZID) workshop (LASH FIRE, 2020) where the main takeaways are:

  • The ship’s equipment is rarely the cause of fire, rather the ship’s cargo is generally the culprit.
  • Electrical fault originating in the ship’s cargo is the most common cause of fires in ro-ro spaces.
  • Although refrigerated units typically constitute a relatively limited proportion of all the carried cargo onboard it is statistically the most fire hazardous type of cargo in terms of probability and severity.
  • While electrical failures in internal combustion engine vehicles constitute an apparent hazard, especially if the vehicles are in poor condition, there is little, if any, data that suggests electrical vehicles are more prone to fire than internal combustion engine vehicles.
  • Gas leaks in Alternatively Powered Vehicles (APV) that leads to fire is a rare occurrence.

Read the full report here.

June 2021

Deliverable D03.1


Website published, initial version

As part of LASH FIRE’s work package 3 (Cooperation and Communication), a website has been created to be used as part of the dissemination of the LASH FIRE project. This document provides insight and understanding of the website and its development process, including choices made regarding design and structure. The document also contains information regarding which specific goals and deliverables this deliverable D03.1 relates to in LASH FIRE and enables the reader to get an overall understanding of the impact of this delivery.

An updated project website (version 2.0) was published on January 13th, 2020.  It will serve as a draft to the final version which will also include the project video and much more information from the LASH FIRE project, such as publications, additional press releases and other general dissemination.

Read the full report here.

May 2021

Deliverable D03.3
(Deliverable is under review, formal approval by EC pending)


First Dissemination and Communication Report and updated plan

This report informs about the strategic approaches that were conceived and applied to maximize the outreach of the LASH FIRE project and thus ensure its sustainable impact. For this purpose, target group-specific measures were identified and implemented through the third work package, which is dedicated to communication and cooperation. In addition, valuable forums were created through the establishment of two advisory groups, providing space for qualitative input regarding the need and applicability of the developed solution on fire safety in the maritime domain, as well as productive feedback on the proposed innovations.

Read the full report here.

March 2021

Deliverable D04.2

Ro-ro space fire database and statistical analysis report

The Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) carried out in LASH FIRE requires a consolidated comprehensive database on fires in ro-ro spaces and the corresponding ship fleet to be set-up for specific use in the project. Such a database would allow a better understanding of the type of casualties and characteristics of ships in the FSA scope, and provides probabilities and frequencies that will be used in the quantification phase of the LASH FIRE risk model.

For this purpose, a comprehensive database was built by aggregation of different pools of information. Marine casualties, incidents and ship characteristics data were investigated, and collected from different maritime stakeholders. A data quality assessment was performed to select the data to be aggregated as one of the challenge was to propose a homogeneous and unbiased database from heterogeneous source of information. New additional features for the risk model were developed, and missing values for existing database features of importance were completed with ‘data science’ methods. Moreover, case by case studies were performed to refine the scope of the FSA study.

As a result, the comprehensive database was processed in order to draw statistics for the LASH FIRE fleet and fires in ro-ro spaces. The statistics provided an extensive overview of the fleet considered for the FSA study and frequencies of ignition per type of ro-ro ship.

Read the full report here.

November 2020

Deliverable D07.1

Study and analysis of regulations, accident investigations and stakeholders for bridge alarm panel design

Previous research has shown that even though a ship may fulfil all regulations, crew activities related to fire safety can still be impaired by the design of working environments, equipment and system interfaces. Although a wealth of guidance exists on the integration of Human-Centered Design (HCD) principles into ship design, such design practices remain uncommon within the industry. There is a need of research that describes how the ship design and construction process can be augmented to better cater for fire safety-related operative needs, what barriers exist against HCD practices in the design of safety-critical artefacts, and how those barriers can be overcome. Given that the shipping industry adheres closely to regulation, regulatory studies is also a vital part of understanding the position of Human Factors and Ergonomics in ship fire safety design.

Based on results from the Firesafe II and SEBRA projects, one area of fire-safety related design that is in particular need of attention is fire alarm system interface design. The aim of this report is to research development needs in terms of usability and systems integration for fire alarm system interfaces and to turn this knowledge into design requirements that will inform subsequent conceptual and physical design of a fire information management system in LASH FIRE.

 Read the full report here.

May 2020

Deliverable D04.1

Review of accident causes and hazard identification report

A background study concerning fire causes in ro-ro spaces was performed and subsequently used as input for a Hazard Identification (HazId) workshop. The background study comprised the analytical component of the hazard identification and was subsequently complemented with a creative element, i.e. the HazId workshop which ensured that the identified hazards were not confined to those which have materialized in the past.

The workshop also focused on identifying potential safety measures. Examples include advancing technologies like drones, supplying ro-ro space personnel with dedicated thermal cameras, improved routines e.g. avoiding long cables and cable routing, and using only ship cables i.e. prohibiting passengers from using their own cables. These findings will be used as input to define conditions for manual screening of cargo fire hazards and effective fire patrols as well as describing methods for automatic screening and identification of cargoes, amongst other things.

Several potential fire origins were identified, refrigeration units being one of them. Taking into account that refrigeration units are more prone to fire than other types of cargo, and that refrigeration unit fires tend to be more severe, it is likely wise to put special focus on refrigeration units. A fair amount of work on this topic has already been conducted in the EMSA-funded FIRESAFE studies, which naturally served as reference in LASH FIRE.

Read the full report here.