Formal Safety Assesment

Formal Safety Assesment

WP4 will provide a technical basis for legislative assessment by evaluation of regulatory proposals, based on operational and technical solutions developed in the project. 

WP04

Formal Safety Assessment

LASH FIRE will provide a technical basis for future revisions of maritime regulations by assessing risk reduction and economic properties of design and operational solutions developed by the Development and Demonstration Work Packages (WP06-11). The main goal of the Work Package 4 is to address this main objective of the project.

The WP04 team have the following objectives on the agenda:

1. Preparatory steps: Development of a holistic ro-ro ship fire risk assessment model and tool for consequence quantification of fires originating in ro-ro spaces.

2. Analysis: Cost-effectiveness assessment of at least 15 regulatory proposals, based on developed operational and technical solutions, in line with FSA procedure.

3. Cost-effectiveness assessment results exploitation: Preparation of guidelines and proposals for rule-making, based on current regulations and the technical basis.

Evaluation in line with the IMO Formal Safety Assessment procedure
Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) is a structured and systematic methodology, aimed at enhancing maritime safety by using risk analysis and cost benefit assessment. It is used as a tool to help in the evaluation of new IMO regulations for maritime safety, with a view to achieve a balance between maritime safety and costs. Aiming to provide a technical basis and proposals for the revision of relevant international IMO fire safety regulations, it is therefore important to apply the FSA procedure for the solutions brought forward in the project. For more information about FSA read here: MSC.MEPC.2/Circ.12/Rev.2.

Modelling of fire risk in ro-ro spaces
Within the Work Package 4, a holistic risk model and consequence modelling tools will be developed in order to assess the fire risk originating in ro-ro spaces. Not only the new risk model will benefit from the EMSA-funded projects FIRESAFE and FIRESAFE II, but also new modelling techniques will be considered. The development of the risk model will be performed in close interaction with ship operators from the Work Package 5 and thanks to information shared by maritime authorities and ships operators involved in the two LASH FIRE Advisory Groups. Involvement of various maritime stakeholders in the risk model development aims to strengthen the validity of the model.

Cost-effectiveness assessment of the LASH FIRE solutions
The Work Package 4 has the role of conducting the cost-effectiveness assessment of at least 15 solutions that are being investigated in the Development and Demonstration (D&D) Work Packages (WP06-11). The D&D Work Packages will provide the technical inputs and performance of solutions and the Work Package 4 will estimate to what extent these solutions lower the fire risk, compared to the fire risk level established for the reference case. The added cost of solutions compared to the reference case will be assessed by the Work Package 5. Finally, the effectiveness (risk reduction) and cost associated with the implementation of each solution will be compared and prepared for decision-making recommendations.

Recommendations for decision-making
Based on the results of the various assessments of solutions performed in LASH FIRE (e.g. ship integration, cost-effectiveness, etc.), the Work Package 4 will prepare new proposals for regulatory amendments in a way to be presentable to the relevant decision-makers.

Progress, March 2021
The identification of the main sources and causes of fire ignition in ro-ro spaces have been finalised, as well as the construction of a ro-ro space fire database. The database was successfully processed in order to draw statistics about the fleet and fires in ro-ro spaces, which will be inputs to the risk model.

The Work Package 4 is currently working on the development of the risk model. The type of risk model has been decided and its structure is completed. The quantification of the risk model has now been initiated, which is the final stage before estimating the fire risk for the reference case.

The development of the fire and smoke spread consequence tool and the evacuation consequence tool are in progress. The tools are almost completed, and simulations will soon be up and running.